When summer is at its peak and the weather is extreme hot, a heat stroke can happen to anyone at any time. If you are unaware of how to prevent and treat heat stroke, this problem can be deadly. Many a times in extreme hot weather conditions, human bodies overexert and exhaust. A number of instant deaths happen out of heat stroke. Heat stroke can even cause serious damage to a human brain and to other internal parts of your body. Many people don’t even recognize heat stroke and thus are unaware of how to treat it. It is important to avoid it and if happens to anyone; immediately follow some simple methods of treatment.
Why Heat Strokes Happen?
Heat strokes usually happen when a human body is exposed to high temperature outside during peak summer for an extended duration. Over exposure to heat fails control of human over its body temperature and it usually happens when body temperature rises above 105 Fahrenheit. It involves dehydration, complications with nervous system and other issues that can cause serious damage.
Common Symptoms of Heat Stroke:
Some common signs of heat stroke include:
- Severe headache
- Weak muscles
- Irregular heartbeat
- No sweat even in heat
- Extremely hot skin turns red or pale
- Difficulty in breathing
- Behavioral changes
Prevention from Heat Stroke:
Here are some tips for prevention from heat stroke in extreme weather during summer season:
- Take More of Fluids: It is important to keep your body hydrated during a hot summer day especially when you remain outdoors. You should carry a cold water bottle with you at all times or should increase your intake of juices. Drink good quality of water. This increased intake of water will help you in feeling better throughout the day even if the sun is shining bright with striking heat.
- Avoid Sports during a Hot Summer Day: Sports in excessive heat especially outdoor sports would give you over exposure to direct sunlight and this could result in a heat stroke. During peak summer seasons, you should avoid playing sports during the day time. Prefer scheduling sports during evening or at night time when weather gets relatively better.
- Avoid Stressful Activities: Avoid any work that can result in overstress and exhaustion during such weather condition. This falls for people who are involved in industrial work or else where they would get exposure to sunlight during day time.
- Peak summer is no Time for Picnics: Avoid planning any family picnic or outing during day time in summer. High temperature outside can be harmful for your family, friends and for you as well. Keep yourself indoors in a cool environment as much as possible.
- Wear Light Summer Clothes: Avoid wearing dark colors such as black during a hot summer day. Prefer to wear light fabric and colors during summer season. Don’t wear too fitted clothes such as skintight jeans etc. Wear lose clothes and cool soothing light colors.
- Take Showers: If you are feeling extremely hot and are sweating a lot, cool your body down by taking shower. During hot summer days, you should take shower 2–3 times a day so that you can keep yourself cool and fresh throughout the day.
Treatment for Anyone Suffering from Heat Stroke:
If anyone around you is witnessed with a symptom of heat stroke, it is important to immediately call for a medical help. However some tips should be used over patient to cool down the effects until a medical help arrives. It could be fatal for the patient if you weight and do nothing until any help arrives. Some tips:
- Immediately move the patient from the site of heat to a cool place preferably a room that has air conditioning.
- If there is no such place around you, take him to a nearby shady place such as under a tree or any other shade where it is cool.
- Any unnecessary or tight clothes should be removed from the person’s body to cool down temperature.
- Wet hands and skin of the patient’s body with water.
- If possible, give patient a cool water shower or an ice bath.
- Try to fan over the patient.
- If there is availability of ice packs or ice towels, put it under his armpits, neck or back. Usually these areas have more of blood vessels linked to skin and ice packs over these body parts would aid in reducing temperature of boy.
Note: Even when you have recovered a heat stroke, you may become more sensitive to heat and high temperature for some days. It is highly recommended that you should avoid hot weather and any stressful activity for some days.
By making preventive measures that we have mentioned over this page, you will be able to keep yourself safe from a hot summer heat stroke. Keep yourself hydrated and your body cool with all these measures. However if you still suffer a heat stroke or someone else close to you, try cooling strategies mentioned here in order to recover until some paramedical help can be reached. Take special care after recovery as your body would be prone to similar condition because of sensitivity towards heat. It is best to stay indoors as much as possible during extremely hot peak summer days.